Place Names of South Australia - B
Barmera - Barossa
SA Museum records say it is derived from the Aboriginal pamuri - 'place of king spears', a heavy type of javelin thrown without the aid of spear throwers. Other sources suggest it was one of the Aboriginal names for Lake Bonney and/or Barmeedjie, a tribe which inhabited the northern bank of the River Murray in this region.
A proposal for an irrigation scheme in the vicinity of Lake Bonney is discussed in the Register,
20 and 21 September 1888; also see
24 and 27 September, pages 7c and 3f,
1 and 10 October 1888, pages 5b and 5a,
31 July 1889, page 4h,
5 and 23 August 1889, pages 3h and 6f,
2 and 7 September 1889, pages 7b and 7h,
25 October 1892, pages 4h-6c,
26 October 1893, page 7e,
14 May 1894, page 7d,
3 August 1894, pages 4e-6e,
7 December 1894, page 4f,
24, 29 and 31 January 1895, pages 4h, 6b and 5a,
15 February 1895, page 6g.
Also see South Australia - Industries - Rural, Primary and Secondary - Irrigation.
Also see Observer,
8 June 1889, page 35e,
4 August 1894, pages 24e-31b,
1 September 1894, page 11b,
2, 16, 23 and 30 February 1895, pages 3b-31c, 5c, 5a and 22d.
5 June 1889, page 7c,
23 August 1889, page 3e,
25 August 1894, page 23a,
31 October 1894, page 6e,
7 December 1894, page 4g,
26 and 29 January 1895, pages 5a and 6b,
14 February 1895, page 6g,
23 April 1895, page 5b,
2 and 16 February 1895, pages 5a and 7a,
6 April 1895, page 5b,
1 March 1895, page 2c,
2 April 1895, page 2c,
20 October 1920, page 7d.
Information on local churches is in the Advertiser,
13 July 1921, page 6h.
Its school opened in 1921 - see Advertiser,
6 August 1921, page 13b.
The opening of the Catholic Church is reported in the Chronicle,
25 July 1929, page 50b.
The town and district are described in the Observer,
26 January 1929, page 52a.
"Improving Barmera" is in the Register,
9 February 1922, page 6f.
The town and district are described on
15 March 1927, page 7e,
18 January 1929, page 12d.
Photographs are in the Observer,
11 June 1921, page 24,
1 July 1922, page 25,
25 October 1924, page 33,
3 July 1926, page 31.
"Hospital for Barmera" is in the Register,
19 May 1921, page 6g.
Photographs of and information on the opening of the hospital are in the Chronicle,
7 October 1922, pages 30-43b.
Information on "The Barmera Nursery" is in the Advertiser,
7 December 1922, page 10d and
on the hotel in the Register on
30 May 1928, page 8h,
4 June 1928, page 9a,
3 January 1929, page 8h.
"Barmera Devastated" is in the Register,
17 October 1924, page 9c,
25 October 1924, page 46d:
A devastating storm struck Barmera during the evening of 15 October 1924. Great trees which had been familiar landmarks were snapped off or uprooted. The Church of Christ, which prior to the construction of the picture theatre, also served as a local hall was razed to the ground. The louvered roof of the pumping plant was blown away and the roof and timber structures of two of the irrigation commissioner's houses were also missing. Dr Baker's residence was almost battered to pieces as the walls collapsed. The picture theatre and pharmacy will require a fair amount of work and expenditure.
The disturbance which approached from the north west was mostly local and the only damage reported outside of the town was on Mr. Lister's block. The velocity of the gale was estimated to be in excess of 90 miles per hour. Eight or nine people were treated at the hospital mostly for bruises and shock.
"Settlement in Barmera Area" is in the Register,
17 July 1926, page 7d.
"Hotel Needed at Barmera" is in the Register,
4 September 1926, page 13d; also see
30 May 1928, page 8h,
1 June 1928, page 8h.
Its second annual Show is reported upon in the Advertiser,
24 April 1929, page 10c.
Also see South Australia - Agricultural, Floricultural & Horticultural Shows.
The opening of a Memorial Hall is reported in the Advertiser,
9 November 1929, page 17g and
of an "aviation ground" on
11 December 1929, page 13e.
Also see South Australia - World War I - Memorials to the Fallen.
Photographs of tobacco growing on Mr J.T. Elliot's property are in the Chronicle,
21 January 1932, page 31,
Also see South Australia - Industries - Rural, Primary and Secondary - Tobacco
of a picnic on
19 April 1934, page 32,
of a football team on
13 June 1935, page 36,
of a Labor Day procession on
29 October 1936, page 31,
of the hospital staff on
23 December 1937, page 30.
Barmera - Obituaries
An obituary of Reginald Y. Langdon is in the Register,
7 November 1928, page 12b.
It is an Aboriginal word corrupted from the 'Barndeootoo (sic) Run' taken up by Hugh Proby in 1851 (lease no. 117).
A photograph of a dingo-hunting party is in the Observer,
29 July 1911, page 30.
Also see South Australia - Flora and Fauna - Dogs.
An obituary of Mrs Jessie Tulloch is in the Observer,
18 June 1921, page 34a.
The name was applied to pastoral lease no. 15 taken up by George B. Yeates (1824-1902) in July 1851 and derives from either the name of a local Aboriginal tribe or is corrupted from nilbaroota - 'reedy place for animals' or 'animal food'. Pastoral Lease Diagram Book Vol 1, page 4, has a diagram of Mr Haimes' 'Sheep Run at Baroota' in 1859. This diagram also shows the man-made and physical features of 'Baroota Reserve' and 'Baroota Creek' respectively. The post office, 16 km north of Port Germein, stood on section 42.
See Pastoral Lease Diagram Book Vol 1, page 4, for a diagram of Mr Haimes' "Sheep Run at Baroota" in 1859. This diagram also shows the man-made and physical features of "Baroota Reserve" and "Baroota Creek" respectively.
The Baroota School opened in 1881 and closed in 1942;
The Hundred of Baroota School opened in 1881 and became "Mambray" in 1891 - it closed in 1909.
"Agricultural Settlement" is in the Register,
10 and 17 November 1881, pages 4b and 6d,
7 December 1881, page 6c.
"Mr Orchard's Surrendered Selection" is in the Register,
10 April 1884, page 7h.
The reminiscences of Mrs Caroline Mackintosh are in the Register,
8 March 1898, page 4i.
A letter from her at Oodla Wirra reveals something of the ups and downs of pioneer life in South Australia. Referring to her husband, Alexander, 'a colonist of 52 years, who is 76 years of age and bedridden' and whom she had 'to keep with the aid of cows until they all died from the drought.' She says :
He was the first settler at Baroota, where he went through many hardships with the Aboriginals. He carries a scar on his left shoulder now from a black fellow's spear. From there he went to the Forest Creek diggings and was there twelve months and ill all the time. Then he came back to Crystal Brook and Booyoolee and acted as overseer for several years. Then he went to Erudina - the Far North then. We went up in a bullock dray from Mount Remarkable and were a fortnight on the road, camping out every night under the dray pole with two babies, the dingoes following us night and day. When I arrived at my destination the only place I had to go into was a tent with about a foot of dust on the floor. We were ruined there through drought, lost 10,000 sheep and 30 head of good working bullocks worth £12 each at that time; also as many horses.
There my husband got a very severe sunstroke and was ill for many months. We moved to Port Augusta West and he opened up that country - he was the first man to find water there. It was a very lonely place - I never saw a white woman for twelve months. The blacks were a bit of trouble to us; they were perfectly savage and we had to sit up many a night to watch them. My poor husband has suffered many hardships from heat, thirst and exposure opening up new sheep runs in the north. He was once well acquainted with all the leading gentlemen in Adelaide, including the late Sir Henry Ayers, Sir Thomas Elder, Sir W.W. Hughes and the Younghusband's.
"Baroota Creek Dam" is in the Register,
7 October 1916, page 8e.
Also see South Australia - Northern Lands Development and Allied Matters - Water, Artesian Wells and Springs.
An obituary of George Stone is in the Observer,
25 February 1922, page 21b.
Biographical details of Mr & Mrs Frederick A. Barnes are in the Register,
27 August 1926, page 13e.
A photograph of the Baroota Reserve Methodist Church, which was erected by Aborigines, is in the Chronicle,
10 September 1927, page 27,
14 May 1931, page 35,
17 September 1927, page 68c.
Baroota WhimThe school opened in 1883 and closed in 1939.
An Arbor Day is reported in the Chronicle,
23 August 1890, page 23d.
Also see South Australia - Education - Arbor Days.