Place Names of South Australia - B
Bartagunyah - Battunga
- Bartlett, Hundred of
- Barton Vale
- Barwell, Hundred of
- Bascombe Rocks
- Basedow, Hundred of
- Basham Beach
- Basket Range
- Batchelor, Hundred of
- Batt Bridge
- Battersea Park
NomenclatureAbout 1870 Dr Matthew Moorhouse (1813-1876) took up a property of this name, which lies about 5 km south-west of Melrose, from H.L. L'Estrange. The Register, 28 November 1865 says:
The name arose because there were numerous wattle trees in the vicinity from which Aborigines extracted grubs called barties; gunyah means 'camp' - The Aborigines displayed great sagacity in discovering the grubs and took great pains in procuring them; they were sometimes eaten raw, sometimes roasted and were very rich and of a delicious taste. Moorhouse, who was Protector of Aborigines from 20 June 1839, was said to have been a man of kind disposition; his headstone in the Melrose cemetery reads:
- He hated falsehood's mean disguise,
And loved the things that's just,
His honour in his action lies,
And here remains his dust.
A fire on the property is reported in the Register,
28 November 1865, page 3g:
Bartagunyah was one of the prettiest little stations, but it is now a fearful scene of desolation. From 15 to 20 square miles were destroyed, including the whole of Bartagunyah Run (lessee, Mr. H.L. L'Strange), the property of Mr. T.W. Moran. The flames spread through the garden and almost touched the pine walls of the wool shed, but through the exertions of Mr. L'Strange and others this and all other buildings were saved.
Mr Moorhouse's obituary is in the Register,
31 March 1876, page 5c.
Biographical details of James Moorhouse are in the Register,
11 October 1924, page 10h.
Bartlett, Hundred of
NomenclatureIn the County of Way, proclaimed on 17 January 1889. H. Bartlett (1834-1915), MP (1887-1896). He came to South Australia circa 1854 and entered into pastoral pursuits near Lake Gairdner, later farming in the Hundred of North Rhine (now Jellicoe). He took an interest in mining and devoted considerable time in prospecting on Kangaroo Island.
He strongly favoured the legislation designed for the encouragement of agricultural settlement on lands suitable for cultivation.
Also see South Australia - Politics.
Biographical information is in the Observer,
3 May 1890, page 38b,
Register, 12 August 1890, page 5d, 6 January 1915, page 6g.
His reminiscences are in theRegister,
27 September 1911, page 8a and
an obituary on 10 July 1915, page 12c:
Mr. Bartlett's general condemnation of the system of granting large holdings in various parts of the state was so persistent that members were rather inclined to regard him as a bore. That his predictions were correct has been proved by the closer settlement of the West Coast and the River Murray lands.
A poem and a cartoon are in The Lantern,
17 November 1888, p[age 20,
16 February 1889, page 6.
"Bartlettonia on the West Coast" is in the Observer,
31 January 1891, page 31.
"The Charge Against Mr Bartlett, MP" is in the Chronicle,
17 February 1894, page 22b.
NomenclatureThomas Bartlett (c.1840-1915) laid out this village in 1881 on part sections 92 and 219, Hundred of Dalkey. It was not a success and at the height of its development it comprised of a railway station and adjoining house, a store and three railway cottages. Its alternative name was 'Stockyard Creek'.
It is advertised in the Observer, 9 August 1879, page 1d as "Bartlett" and being "adjacent to the railway station and goods shed between Hamley Bridge and Balaklava."
NomenclatureA subdivision of sections 401-3, Hundred of Jellicoe by Charles Barton circa 1850 at the Wheal Barton mine. A roving reporter said in 1851:
- This township, so-named from the proprietor of the land on which it is laid out, and who, with Mr Angas and others, is a large shareholder in the mine of "Wheal Barton'', is situated on a broad plain, backed towards the west by a wooded tract, near the edge of which Mr Barton has built himself a residence. The township contains at present about thirty-five dwellings, chiefly occupied by the parties connected with the mine. There is a small chapel of the Independents, which may hold about eighty persons or perhaps more. On the east side of the road is the inn (the Cumberland Arms) where good accommodation may be had, and where Mrs Hall, the landlady, is actively attentive to her guests, as we experienced.
The opening of the school near Truro is reported in the Register,
22 August 1850, page 2e:
It is with pleasure I have to inform you that a building has been erected in this township for the purposes of a day-school and a Sunday-school, as also for Divine service on The Lord's-day. The erection of the building is mainly owing to the munificence of one of the proprietors of the Wheal Barton mine. It is believed the founder has not had his own comfort in view, but was chiefly actuated by a sincere desire to promote the moral welfare, comfort and convenience of those who are settled around, and those who may in future come to reside in the township of Barton.
The town and Wheal Barton mine are described in the Register
27 March 1856, page 2f-h,
while the opening of the Wesleyan Chapel is reported on
19 and 23 September 1861, pages 3g and 3f.
Also see South Australia - Mining - Coal.
"The Wheal Barton Mine" is in the Chronicle,
7 January 1888, page 22d.
NomenclatureWhen Clearview Ltd created this suburb on part sections 340-41, Hundred of Yatala in 1923, it adopted the name of a home built in the district by Edmund Bowman in 1850; now included in Enfield.
Mr Bowman's newly-erected home is described in the Register,
23 August 1881, page 5d.
The sale of the property is advertised in the Register,
18 February 1920, page 6f.
"Reform Work - Life at Barton Vale" is in The News,
8 April 1925, page 4c:
More of the home element and less of the prison is what the Salvation Army strives to attain at Barton Vale. The visitor catches a glimpse of the tall Norman tower, standing clear among a forest of trees, from the long white drive. A former inmate said:
Oh! Matron, tell the girls to appreciate dear old Barton Vale, while they are there. Tell them not to fret about getting into the world again. I often long for my soft white bed. I did love the spotless dormitory, too. I remember all that you and the officers told me, and I am going to run straight. It does pay in the long run. If all homes were like Barton Vale I do not think that girls would do wrong things. I feel I cannot now and I shall always try to be a credit to you.
14 July 1927, page 7h; also see
21 July 1927, page 9c,
18 March 1929, page 2c,
16 and 17 July 1930, pages 4a and 4a.
Also see South Australia - Religion - Salvation Army.
NomenclatureBarunga Gap - This town in the Hundred of Cameron 9 km south-west of Snowtown was originally proclaimed as 'Percyton' on 15 January 1880 and received its present designation on 25 June 1942. Hundred of Barunga, County of Daly, proclaimed on 15 July 1869. Barunga is an Aboriginal word meaning 'a place for meat'.
On 11 March 1876 a horse tramway was opened from Port Broughton to Barunga Range, the official name being Port Broughton and Barunga Range Tramway.
Its school opened in 1878 and closed in 1945;
the Barunga North School, formerly known as "Wokurna", closed in 1944;
a photograph of a "Back to School" celebration is in the Chronicle, 8 October 1936, page 32;
The Barunga East School operated from 1900 until 1942;
the Barunga Gap School (formerly Percyton) closed in 1947.
"A Visit to Barunga Gap" is in the Register, 1 May 1876, page 6c:
The track from Kadina is unmetalled and in some places a little heavy on account of the sand, the first 16 miles were got over in one hour and a half. A slight halt was then called to give the horses the opportunity of catching their wind, and the remainder of the journey was got over at a more reasonable pace. The track which has been recently cleared - and very well cleared too - by Mr. Ridgway can be seen for 10 to 15 miles ahead, so level is the country, and the land on either side is undoubtedly well adapted for cultivation... The gentlemen present, who had not been on the track before, were very much struck with the absurdities talked in Parliament about the proposed railway which, it was urged, would, if made direct to Kadina, be parallel with the Port Wakefield line.
A cricket match is reported in the Express,
22 September 1886, page 3f.
Also see South Australia - Sport - Cricket - Miscellany.
An obituary of James Coulthard is in the Observer,
5 March 1910, page 40a,
of Michael McCormack on 14 October 1922, page 35c,
of Mrs Mary McCormack on 11 November 1922, page 35a,
of J.T. Brinkley in the Register, 17 July 1928, page 13f.
Barwell, Hundred of
NomenclatureSir Henry N. Barwell, MP (1915-1925). Born in Adelaide in 1877 he was admitted to the bar in 1899 and entered the House of Assembly in 1915. A clear and logical debater was evident in the confident, arrogant tone of his maiden speech, when he declared - 'I am here and I have come to stay.' He became Premier in 1920 and tackled the rehabilitation of the State's railways, when new passenger cars became known as 'Barwell Bulls'. In 1922 he launched a short-lived 'Barwell Boys' immigration scheme, through which youths were brought to South Australia and indentured as farmers. In 1928 he resigned from the Commonwealth Senate to become the State's Agent-General in London. He died in September 1959 at Unley Park.
Also see South Australia - Politics.
"A Character Sketch" of Mr Barwell is in the Register, 8 March 1921, page 5c:
His career has gone along with a swift and merry advance. Such advance is rare in Australia and it is a fine proof of the intellectual and party calibre that Mr. Barwell has been able to keep at the top. His fault in leadership, perhaps, is that he is too candid, too direct and outspoken; but that is a compliment to the sincerity of his convictions. He has an engaging personality, with good humour and the quality that makes friends easily.
NomenclatureIn the Hundred of Cortlinye. John Bascombe who held the area under pastoral lease no.1853 in 1874. He arrived in the Blundell in 1856 and died at Mount Wedge in 1875.
The reminiscences of John Bascomb (sic) are in the Observer,
16 August 1924, page 17a.
NomenclatureTwo kilometres south-west of Mannum, named after the family which held the land for many years. Shacks have been erected on sections 717 and 772 and the name Baseby given to the settlement. Benjamin Baseby arrived from Scotland in the Somersetshire in 1839 and in 1853 he went to:
A wild desolate country [near Mannum]... a cattle station here and there... Caurnomont [sic] Station belonged at that time to John Chambers.
Biographical details of J. Baseby are in the Register,
15 June 1911, page 6h.
"Mannum's Pioneer - The Late Mr B. Baseby" is in the Register,
1 January 1914, page 3d:
In 1853 at the age of 14 years, Benjamin Baseby left Adelaide by the Mount Barker mail conveyance and after three weeks at Mount Torrens he went on to Mannum then, as he described it, 'a wild, desolate-looking country, with a cattle station here and there, few and far between.' He married in 1863 and, in 1867, established a butchering business at Mannum and in 1914 it was being conducted by two of his sons. He had an exceedingly successful career and played an important part in all matters connected with the welfare of the district. He died in December 1913, aged 74 years.
An obituary of Mr J.R. Baseby is in the Advertiser,
5 January 1928, page 10e.
Basedow, Hundred of
NomenclatureM.P.F. Basedow, born and educated in Hanover, Germany was Minister of Education in the Morgan Ministry of 1881. George F. Loyau records that he was extremely popular with all classes in the colony for his urbanity and affable manners. He was identified with Zeitung, a German language newspaper. The name of the Hundred was changed to 'French' in 1918 after the Nomenclature Committee had suggested 'Perawillia', the Aboriginal name of a local spring..
Also see South Australia - Politics.
A valedictory dinner to Mr Basedow is reported in the Observer,
5 February 1876, page 10d;
biographical details are in the Observer,
7 December 1889, page 33b;
his obituary is in the Register,
13 March 1902, page 5d.
"Mr Basedow and Our Education System" is in the Chronicle,
11 and 18 August 1877, pages 5a and 5a:
We fully believe in the sincerity of Mr. Basedow's desire to forward the cause of education. His work as a trained and experienced teacher have not only weight with us, but for the same reason demand more minute investigation than the hurry of an Assembly debate will probably bestow upon them.
Biographical details are in the Observer,
7 December 1889, page 33b.
NomenclatureNear Port Elliot. H.Y.L. Brown in Mines of South Australia says:
An iron "blow'' outcropping through the alluvial on Basham's property... formerly quarried for road metal, contained traces of silver and copper... [in] 1889.
An obituary of Charles A. Basham is in the Register,
10 July 1907, page 6,
13 July 1907, page 40d:
Mr. Charles Abraham Basham died in July 1907 at the age of 82. He was a well-known resident of the Port Elliot district where he owned considerable property. He was a cabinet maker in Adelaide in the early days before removing to Middleton where he carried on agricultural operations until the early 1900s when his wife died. The property was then worked by a son, Charles Basham. His brothers William and Jonathan, who lived at Hindmarsh Valley predeceased him.
NomenclatureIn 1908 Messrs A.H. Beyer and W. Rowland, in letters to the Register, put forward conflicting opinions on the origin of the name. Mr Beyer said that the wives of German miners, who went to the Burra mines, squatted there and commenced growing vegetables, which were carried to market in large baskets. Mr Rowland stated that Mr Basket, a timber cutting licence inspector, had a hut which stood at the foot of the hill, between Ashton and Norton Summit.
The laying of the memorial stone of the Bible Christian Chapel is reported in the Register,
17 August 1881, page 5d;
for its opening see Chronicle,
5 November 1881, page 22b.
The school opened in 1885; see Advertiser,
1 October 1935, page 11b.
The district is described in the Register,
18 and 25 March 1893, pages 1b (supp.) and 1a (supp.).
The coming of the telephone is reported in the Register,
15 October 1906, page 3c.
Also see South Australia - Communications - Telephones.
An obituary of William Rowland is in the Observer,
21 June 1913, page 41d. "Australian Flora - Unique Garden in the Hills" is in the Advertiser,
17 August 1927, page 21f,
"Unusual Garden of Wild Plant Life" on
18 May 1935, page 11g.
Also see South Australia - Flora and Fauna - Birds.
NomenclatureA town, now included in Gawler, laid out on part sections 8 and 3246, Hundreds of Mudla Wirra and Munno Para in 1857 by William Bassett, licensed victualler who proclaimed that 'the terminus of the Gawler railway is built on this [land]...' See GRO Deposit 131/1858.
Parliamentary Paper 36/1857 speaks of it as a terminus of the Adelaide-Gawler railway.
The Bassett Town School opened in 1866 and closed in 1877;
Parliamentary Paper 26/1875 shows it being conducted in a chapel by Sarah P. Giles.
The obituary of William Bassett, junior, is in the Register,
13 April 1909, page 4h,
Observer, 17 April 1909, page 38a,
of Mrs William Bassett on 19 August 1916, page 20d,
of Rupert G. Bassett in the Register, 24 March 1924, page 8g,
of W.J.H. Bassett in the Observer, 22 October 1927, page 49b:
William Bassett, the oldest resident of Gawler and a colonist of 69 years' died at his residence, Bassett Town, on 12 April 1909. Accompanied by his parents he arrived in South Australia in 1840 in the Java. He was of retiring disposition and a great reader. What he read was always the best and his memory was so retentive that he could, at will, recite long passages from Dickens and the works of Shakespeare. A widow and four sons survived.
A letter from Mr Fred Bassett is in the Chronicle,
30 June 1932, page 43a.
Batchelor, Hundred of
NomenclatureE.L. Batchelor, MP (1893-1901). Born in Adelaide in 1865, he was a central figure in the SA Labor movement and a driving force behind the formation of the United Labor Party in 1891. He left the SA Parliament in 1901 to enter federal politics and was the only SA Labor member in the House of Representatives. He died in 1911 from a heart attack when climbing Mount Donna Buang in Victoria;
Also see South Australia - Politics.
Biographical details of Mr Batchelor are in the Advertiser,
17 April 1893, page 6g,
Weekly Herald, 3 April 1896, page 1, 1 April 1899, pages 1-7a, 29 June 1901, page 5a;
an obituary is in the Register,
9 October 1911, page 6g.
"The Late Mr Batchelor" is in the Register,
9 October 1911, page 6,
Observer, 14 October 1911, page 33e:
For right or wrong he was no trimmer; nor had he held aloof from the [Labor] Party, and joined it only when it became successful. From that starting point his career proceeded from advance to advance. He was always a moderate man and avoided extremes; he was always amenable to reason; and he always paid his opponents the compliment of believing they might differ from him and yet conceivably be as honest as he was himself. He was strong in controversy upon occasion, but never bitter. He exemplified, in a quiet unusual degree, that most useful quality, the power of self-control; and thus he inspired confidence and trust among those with whom he came in contact.
Batt BridgeAt Upper Sturt. Its opening is reported in the Register, 16 June 1890, page 7a:
For over thirty years a pile structure served the purpose of bridging the River Sturt about half a mile from the post office at Upper Sturt but, owing to the woodwork having decayed, the bridge was
condemned early in 1890 and replaced by a new structure that was opened by the Commissioner of Crown Lands, Hon. J.H. Howe, on 14 June 1890.
It was named after Mr A.J. Batt, Clerk of the Mitcham District Council.
NomenclatureThe Register of 6 January 1910 at page 22a talks of 'Battersea Park' lying on section 7, adjacent to 'Mitcham Park' and the name was approved on 20 November 1925 for a subdivision of part section 7, Hundred of Adelaide; now included in Goodwood. It would appear that this subdivision never eventuated as no plan is held by the Department of Lands.
The name is believed to have been introduced by George Ragless (1853-1944), who was born at Battersea, London. He and his brothers, Benjamin and Joseph, were prominent pastoralists in South Australia.
An obituary of George Ragless, of "Battersea", Edwardstown, is in the Observer,
28 August 1909, page 40a,
of Mrs Mary A. Ragless on 2 October 1926, page 20a.
Biographical details of Mrs George Ragless are in the Register, 3 April 1924, page 8g, 2 April 1925, page 8g.
(Also see Enfield)
NomenclatureRobert Davenport (1816-1896) came to South Australia in 1843 and, with his brother Samuel, took up land at Macclesfield later purchasing a nearby property and house which he named 'Battunga' - Aboriginal for 'place of large trees'. He lived there quietly for nearly all his days as he did not care for public life.
Robert Davenport's property is described in the Advertiser,
15 March 1864, page 2g:
This is the seat of Robert Davenport and is a beautiful spot about three miles from Macclesfield. The residence is built of substantial stone with a slate roof and contains 20 rooms. The buildings stand in the middle of a park comprising about 800 acres and which much resembles one of those delightful spots in the old country. Two acres comprise a pleasure ground and an orchard extends over ten acres.
His obituary is in the Register,
4 September 1896, pages 5a-6c.